Lack of hand hygiene is one of the primary causes of diarrhoea germ transmission among humans. This article tracks diarrhoea symptoms and cures.
Diarrhoea, a very common health complaint in children and adults alike, is the passing of loose stools several times a day. The illness usually goes away in about three to four days. But it causes acute discomfort, dehydration and weakness.
To understand what the most common diarrhoea symptoms are, it is important to understand what causes the illness in the first place.
Common causes of diarrhoea
There are several causes of diarrhoea, generallyreferred to as an ‘upset stomach:
1) Bacteria: The human body is full of bacteria that is beneficial for its everyday functioning. However, harmful bacteria–normally passed on through contaminated foodand water–can cause digestive malfunction and watery stools.
2) Viruses: Diarrhoea is also commonly caused after consuming food from contaminated vessels, eating with unclean hands,sharing food with a carrier of germs, etc.
3) Parasites: Loose stools caused by parasites are common in diaper-wearing children, travellers going to developing countries, hikers,people drinking untreated water, people swimming in community pools, etc. You could swallow the dirty water and Diarrhoea,in this case, is caused by swallowing the parasite in food or water containing traces of faecal matter.
Typical symptoms of diarrhoea
It is important to know what the typical diarrhoea symptoms are, in order for you togauge its seriousness. These are the 5 most tell-tale signs of diarrhoea:
1) Stomach cramps
2) Watery stools
3) Loss of appetite
A few simple precautions go a long way in keeping you safe from any diarrhoea symptoms. Just follow the three following basic pointers to keep your family healthy:
1)Food: Ensure that you wash your hands with an effective anti-bacterial liquid handwash before handling or eating food. Food poisoning can be avoided by cooking all food well. Refrigerate all leftovers and avoid eating any cooked food that is over two days old.
2) Drinking water: Whether at home or outdoors, drink only mineral or boiled water. Clean all water bottles and cover all storage utensils properly.
3) Toilets: Unsanitary toilets are one of the biggest causes of diarrhoea. Make sure you flush the toilet after each use to prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria. Keep home toilets dirt-free; scrub them regularly with toilet brushes and antibacterial cleaners to get rid of any faecal waste in the crevices. Also, wash your hands after visiting the washroom – an antibacterial liquid soap is a must in the household. Insist that all family members wash their hands several times a day with antibacterial handwash.
It is easy to prevent diarrhoea if you are vigilant about what you eat and drink. Regularly washing your hands is also important. However, if you still happen to contract the condition despite your best efforts, drink lots of water and get plenty of rest. Remember to seek medical help if diarrhoea symptoms persist even after two to three days.